The Elizabethan style prevailed during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Renaissance motifs were mixed with Flemish decorative work, such as strapwork, and late-Gothic mullioned and transom windows.
The Elizabethan style is more symmetrical than earlier architecture. Elizabethan mansions usually had numerous towers, gables, parapets, balustrades, and chimney stacks. Pavilions, gardens, fountains, and terraces were also popular. Elizabethan houses are highly ornamental in style and feature a number of distinctive qualities. The period favoured wood and stonework, with brick suffering in popularity due to the growing influence of the Renaissance. Elizabethan houses also borrow elements of Flemish and Late Gothic design visible in the curved gables, parapets and chimney stacks which adorn the exterior. Furthermore, the windows reflect the Elizabethan penchant for the decorative, with mullioned and transom windows proving popular alongside bay and oriel styles.
The inherent beauty of these designs was enhanced with the introduction of panes of glass in upper and middle class homes. These replaced wooden shutters, allowing light to infiltrate the home and create a sense of airiness and space.